The production

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The Leeward Islands are home to over three hundred hectares, most of the French Polynesia vanilla plantations.

From 2003 to 2009, through the government program to support the installation of farms under shade house, 284 new farms have been set up on an area of about 20 hectares, mainly in the Leeward Islands ( 18 hectares).

The exploitation of vanilla under shade house

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Production of vanilla bean shade structure from 9 tonnes in 2007 to 23 tons in 2008 and over 70 tons in 2009.

It should be noted that all shade structures installed on the same dates do not occur in the same way and in equal times from one island to another. The production of a vanillère course depends on the technicality of the farmer of the location and especially the regularity of maintenance of compost and ombrière overall consolidated technical supervision and monitoring health of the sector covered by the Establishment Tahitian Vanilla.


Distribution archipelago

Number shade structures installed

Kind of shade structure

Hectarage installed

total installed area

288 m2

576 m2

1152 m2

1920 m2

288 m2

576 m2

1152 m2

1920 m2

Windward Islands

52

0

38

11

3

0

2,19

1,15

0,58

3,92

Leeward Islands

232

15

150

67

0

0,43

8,64

7,6

0

16,68

Total

284

15

188

78

3

0,43

10,83

8,76

0,58

20,59

This is in Tahaa, the "Vanilla Island" that there are as many farms vanilla from Tahiti

The exploitation of vanilla on living stakes

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With the establishment of the installer of farms under shade house in 2003, most producers 'traditional' have acquired a shade structure while retaining their vanillère on live stakes awaiting a start producing their shade house.

Today, we see that the production of Tahitian Vanilla comes mainly from farms under shade structures with reduced production plots of Vanilla from Tahiti cultured on living guardian, certainly related to the aging of vanilla and abandonment of this mode of culture.

Production on live stakes increased from 47 tonnes in 2005 to 21 tons in 2009.

Evolution of the number of active producers

Despite the significant increase in the production of Tahitian Vanilla, identification of active producers harvested and sold their production of mature traditional vanilla shows a steady decline from one year to another:

  • 1163 producers in 2003
  • 716 producers in 2009.

Evolution of the production of mature vanilla

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a net increase of production is observed (in tonnes) from 2007 is the year of production of the first installed shade structures.

 200420052006200720082009
TAHAA 25.24810.54718.81418.88128.020
HUAHINE8.79110.8175.54510.4879.66913.317
RAIATEA8.98510.7927.12914.44217.96224.837
TAHITI et MOOREA    1.9685.592

 

In 2009, the production of Vanilla from Tahiti exceeded 70 tons.

PF

Mture vanilla production for 2009.

Total

Mois

February

March

April

May

June

july

August

September

Traditional

0,00

919,70

1 735,80

7 139,40

7 499,30

3 934,90

273,40

3,60

21 506,10

under shade house

29,20

1 105,50

2 719,85

7 734,16

18 435,06

13 438,10

3 590,65

4 384,55

51 437,07

Total

29,20

2 025,20

4 455,65

14 873,56

25 934,36

17 373,00

3 864,05

4 388,15

72 943,17